summarize the points made in the lecture about whales not navigation by the stars, being sure toexplain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading about whales navigation by the stars.

Essay topics:

summarize the points made in the lecture about whales not navigation by the stars, being sure to

explain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading about whales navigation by the stars.

The reading states that humpback whales may be navigating by the stars and provides three reasons for support. However, the professor explains that although the theory is fascinating, none of the reasons seems convincing and refutes each of the author's reasons.

First, the reading states that humpback whales seem to be intelligent enough to use stars to navigate by. The professor opposes this point by indicating that there is no connection between intelligence and navigation. Other animals such as birds and ducks use navigation by stars in spite of their low intelligence. He explains that it seems more an intrinsic ability which animals born with, therefore using intelligence as a sign for navigation by stars look unlikely.

second, the reading claims that humpback whales migrate in straight lines and as whales cannot rely on land features they rely on stars at night to navigate. However, the professor contends that animals who migrate in straight lines on land sense external objects and by this mean they could sense earth magnetic field. Scientists find biomagnetic in the body of humpback whales which make them sensitive to earth magnetic field. So, this shows that whales use earth magnetic field to orientation their way.

Third, the article avers that humpback whales exhibit an unusual behavior: they are sometimes observed floating straight up for minutes at a time, their heads above the water as though they were looking upward at the stars. The lecture refutes this point by mentioning that it is true that spy-hopping ability is rare among marine animals, but some sharks do this for hunting purpose not for migrating or looking to stars. Furthermore, there is evidence that demonstrates that whales do this spy-hopping during day when there is no star on sky. Hence, this reason is fully speculation.

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Average: 8.3 (1 vote)
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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 343, Rule ID: MORE_A_JJ[1]
Message: Did you mean 'a more intrinsic'?
Suggestion: a more intrinsic
...intelligence. He explains that it seems more an intrinsic ability which animals born with, theref...
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 9, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Second
...navigation by stars look unlikely. second, the reading claims that humpback whale...
^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, furthermore, hence, however, look, may, second, so, therefore, third, such as, in spite of, it is true

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 11.0 10.4613686534 105% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 17.0 12.0772626932 141% => OK
Pronoun: 31.0 22.412803532 138% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 34.0 30.3222958057 112% => OK
Nominalization: 10.0 5.01324503311 199% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1551.0 1373.03311258 113% => OK
No of words: 297.0 270.72406181 110% => OK
Chars per words: 5.22222222222 5.08290768461 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.15134772569 4.04702891845 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.61192668427 2.5805825403 101% => OK
Unique words: 163.0 145.348785872 112% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.548821548822 0.540411800872 102% => OK
syllable_count: 464.4 419.366225166 111% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 0.0 2.5761589404 0% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 14.0 13.0662251656 107% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 21.2450331126 99% => OK
Sentence length SD: 46.1685576371 49.2860985944 94% => OK
Chars per sentence: 110.785714286 110.228320801 101% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.2142857143 21.698381199 98% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.14285714286 7.06452816374 115% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 9.0 4.33554083885 208% => Less positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 4.45695364238 45% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.27373068433 70% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.192864636161 0.272083759551 71% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0686285038889 0.0996497079465 69% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0516703480919 0.0662205650399 78% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.114937631993 0.162205337803 71% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0131946230139 0.0443174109184 30% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 13.8 13.3589403974 103% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 50.16 53.8541721854 93% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 11.0289183223 104% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.0 12.2367328918 106% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.29 8.42419426049 98% => OK
difficult_words: 68.0 63.6247240618 107% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 9.0 10.7273730684 84% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 10.498013245 99% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 83.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 25.0 Out of 30
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.