Toward the end of his life, the Chevalier de Seingalt (1725-1798) wrote a long memoir recounting his life and adventures. The Chevalier was a somewhat controversial figure, but since he met many famous people, including kings and writers, his memoir has become a valuable historical source about European society in the eighteenth century. However, some critics have raised doubts about the accuracy of the memoir. They claim that the Chevalier distorted or invented many events in the memoir to make his life seem more exciting and glamorous than it really was.
For example, in his memoir the Chevalier claims that while living in Switzerland, he was very wealthy, and it is known that he spent a great deal of money there on parties and gambling. However, evidence has recently surfaced that the Chevalier borrowed considerable sums of money from a Swiss merchant. Critics thus argue that if the Chevalier had really been very rich, he would not have needed to borrow money.
Critics are also skeptical about the accuracy of the conversations that the Chevalier records in the memoir between himself and the famous writer Voltaire. No one doubts that the Chevalier and Voltaire met and conversed. However, critics complain that the memoir cannot possibly capture these conversations accurately, because it was written many years after the conversations occurred. Critics point out that it is impossible to remember exact phrases from extended conversations held many years earlier.
Critics have also questioned the memoir's account of the Chevalier's escape from a notorious prison in Venice, Italy. He claims to have escaped the Venetian prison by using a piece of metal to make a hole in the ceiling and climbing through the roof. Critics claim that while such a daring escape makes for enjoyable reading, it is more likely that the Chevaliers jailers were bribed to free him. They point out that the Chevalier had a number of politically well-connected friends in Venice who could have offered a bribe.
Both reading and lecture are about the memoir which was written by the chevalier de Seingalt, and his memoir became an essential historical source which is about European society. Based on the reading passage, some critics case doubt the accuracy of the memoir. The lecturer takes a stance against the author's opinion by providing three reasons.
At first, the chevalier in his memoir claims that he was a rich person, and he mentions parties and gambling during his life. The author mentions that if he was wealthy, he did not need to borrow money from the merchant. The lecturer puts forward that borrowing money can not be a good reason for being poor. The lecturer adds, he sold goods, and converting money can take time, in this time he borrowed money.
Add to this, the author, in the reading, gives another explanation which is about the conversation between chevalier and Voltaire. The author claims that he expressed the conversation in detail which is impossible because he wrote the memoir many years earlier. The lecturer practically repudiates the claim of the context relying on this expression that he wrote their conversation immediately each night, and he collected them into his memoir.
Finally, the author claims that he had money and good friends who can help him to offer a bribe instead of escaping the prison. However, the lecturer sheds light on the premise that many persons were in the prison who were rich but could not offer a bribe. In addition, the lecturer alludes to the roof of the room which the Venetian was as a prisoner was repaired so he escaped from the prison.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 303, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...The lecturer takes a stance against the authors opinion by providing three reasons. ...
Line 4, column 310, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...an not be a good reason for being poor. The lecturer adds, he sold goods, and conve...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, finally, first, however, if, so, in addition
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 10.4613686534 124% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 5.0 5.04856512141 99% => OK
Conjunction : 9.0 7.30242825607 123% => OK
Relative clauses : 14.0 12.0772626932 116% => OK
Pronoun: 29.0 22.412803532 129% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 29.0 30.3222958057 96% => OK
Nominalization: 5.0 5.01324503311 100% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1343.0 1373.03311258 98% => OK
No of words: 274.0 270.72406181 101% => OK
Chars per words: 4.90145985401 5.08290768461 96% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.0685311056 4.04702891845 101% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.46257349296 2.5805825403 95% => OK
Unique words: 150.0 145.348785872 103% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.547445255474 0.540411800872 101% => OK
syllable_count: 403.2 419.366225166 96% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 2.0 3.25607064018 61% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.23620309051 134% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 4.0 1.51434878587 264% => Less conjunction wanted as sentence beginning.
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 13.0 13.0662251656 99% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 21.2450331126 99% => OK
Sentence length SD: 31.7150777052 49.2860985944 64% => OK
Chars per sentence: 103.307692308 110.228320801 94% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.0769230769 21.698381199 97% => OK
Discourse Markers: 3.76923076923 7.06452816374 53% => More transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 3.0 4.45695364238 67% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.27373068433 140% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.229692583852 0.272083759551 84% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0858970335879 0.0996497079465 86% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0941567040171 0.0662205650399 142% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.141265168432 0.162205337803 87% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0555695179919 0.0443174109184 125% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.2 13.3589403974 91% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 58.62 53.8541721854 109% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.3 11.0289183223 93% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.14 12.2367328918 91% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.96 8.42419426049 94% => OK
difficult_words: 57.0 63.6247240618 90% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 7.5 10.7273730684 70% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 10.498013245 99% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.2008830022 71% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 78.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 23.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.