Reading and lecture are both debating the utility of the Chaco Canyon "great houses". On the one hand, the writer states three possible theories, offering reasons of support. However, the lecturer rejects his arguments, saying that his theories are unconvincing when compared to real facts.
First, the houses did not serve as a residential unit, because there were not enough fire places for all the people to cook. This is shown by the fact that some houses could have been inhabited by one hundred families, but the number of fireplaces was sufficient only for ten families. Therefore, this physical proof demonstrates that the first theory cannot be true.
To continue, the second theory does not have a solid ground as well. The writer asserts that these buildings were used for storing food supplies, such as maize. Nevertheless, the lecturer refutes this idea, adding that there were not found significant traces of grains, how it should have been normal. Furthermore, maize requires large containers, but diggers did not found anything resembling those. As a result, the lack of evidence clearly contradicts the passage.
Last but not the least, escalators discovered much evidence which shows that Chaco structures were not ceremonial centers. They brought to light building materials and tools, and other objects used by builders. The presence of broken pots proves only that these were containers for foods, and the workers probably kept their food inside. This last arguments gainsays also the author's point of view.
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Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, furthermore, however, if, nevertheless, second, so, therefore, well, such as, as a result
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 9.0 12.0772626932 75% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 19.0 22.412803532 85% => OK
Preposition: 16.0 30.3222958057 53% => More preposition wanted.
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1303.0 1373.03311258 95% => OK
No of words: 245.0 270.72406181 90% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.31836734694 5.08290768461 105% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.95632099841 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.57160349259 2.5805825403 100% => OK
Unique words: 164.0 145.348785872 113% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.669387755102 0.540411800872 124% => OK
syllable_count: 384.3 419.366225166 92% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 4.0 1.51434878587 264% => Less conjunction wanted as sentence beginning.
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 15.0 13.0662251656 115% => OK
Sentence length: 16.0 21.2450331126 75% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 27.9232280846 49.2860985944 57% => The essay contains lots of sentences with the similar length. More sentence varieties wanted.
Chars per sentence: 86.8666666667 110.228320801 79% => OK
Words per sentence: 16.3333333333 21.698381199 75% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.13333333333 7.06452816374 101% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 4.45695364238 135% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 4.27373068433 117% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.368673885304 0.272083759551 136% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0941210594101 0.0996497079465 94% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0627748511447 0.0662205650399 95% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.186571113525 0.162205337803 115% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0470691462238 0.0443174109184 106% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.8 13.3589403974 88% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 55.24 53.8541721854 103% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.5 11.0289183223 86% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.28 12.2367328918 109% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.2 8.42419426049 109% => OK
difficult_words: 74.0 63.6247240618 116% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 8.5 10.7273730684 79% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.4 10.498013245 80% => OK
text_standard: 10.0 11.2008830022 89% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 90.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 27.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.