Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about 7,000 years ago, and within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct. Yet humans cannot have been a factor in the species' extinctions, b

Essay topics: Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about 7,000 years ago, and within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct. Yet humans cannot have been a factor in the species' extinctions, because there is no evidence that the humans had any significant contact with the mammals. Further, archaeologists have discovered numerous sites where the bones of fish had been discarded, but they found no such areas containing the bones of large mammals, so the humans cannot have hunted the mammals. Therefore, some climate change or other environmental factor must have caused the species' extinctions. - GRE Argument 87

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The author of the argument claims that large mammal species' extinctions in the Kaliko Islands are caused by climate change or other environmental factor instead of human interruptions. To buttress his/her argument, the author cites the following evidences: first, no evidence showing humans had any significant contact with the mammals has been found; second, no areas contain bones of large mammals, thereby declining the possibility of hunting mammals. Tough the issue has its merit, due to lack of revelant evidences and unaddressed assumptions, the conclusion is unsubstantiated and flawed.

To begin with, the author assumes that people have not yet discovered the evidence about the contac ...

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Average: 8.7 (2 votes)
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 4, column 712, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Even
...could not have another safe settlement. even though no significant contact has been ...
^^^^
Line 6, column 106, Rule ID: THERE_S_MANY[4]
Message: Did you mean 'there are no relics'?
Suggestion: there are no relics
...he bones of large mammals does not mean there is no relics of large mammals at all. it is possible...
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 6, column 150, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: It
...e is no relics of large mammals at all. it is possible that human hunted the mamma...
^^
Line 6, column 253, Rule ID: AGREEMENT_SENT_START[1]
Message: You should probably use 'bone'.
Suggestion: bone
...heir eating habits to fish. The mammals bones, thus, were burried under those of fish...
^^^^^
Line 6, column 513, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Therefore
...posed already before the investigation. therefore, without more concrete evidences indica...
^^^^^^^^^
Line 8, column 167, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Consider
... change or other environmental factors. consider comet impact from another planet. The t...
^^^^^^^^
Line 8, column 308, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Most
...rigger the overall change of the earth. most mammals more likely to be suffered from...
^^^^
Line 8, column 407, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Another
...ct and decline in population over time. another possibility is that cause extinction of...
^^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, finally, first, however, if, moreover, second, so, then, therefore, thus, for example, in addition, to begin with, to sum up

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 29.0 19.6327345309 148% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 10.0 12.9520958084 77% => OK
Conjunction : 21.0 11.1786427146 188% => OK
Relative clauses : 6.0 13.6137724551 44% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 21.0 28.8173652695 73% => OK
Preposition: 66.0 55.5748502994 119% => OK
Nominalization: 20.0 16.3942115768 122% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2948.0 2260.96107784 130% => OK
No of words: 538.0 441.139720559 122% => OK
Chars per words: 5.47955390335 5.12650576532 107% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.81610080973 4.56307096286 106% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.85750066364 2.78398813304 103% => OK
Unique words: 277.0 204.123752495 136% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.514869888476 0.468620217663 110% => OK
syllable_count: 922.5 705.55239521 131% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.7 1.59920159681 106% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 4.96107784431 101% => OK
Article: 13.0 8.76447105788 148% => OK
Subordination: 6.0 2.70958083832 221% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 7.0 4.22255489022 166% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 27.0 19.7664670659 137% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 22.8473053892 83% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 70.3084913123 57.8364921388 122% => OK
Chars per sentence: 109.185185185 119.503703932 91% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.9259259259 23.324526521 85% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.77777777778 5.70786347227 84% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 8.0 5.25449101796 152% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 11.0 6.88822355289 160% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 11.0 4.67664670659 235% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.24559563272 0.218282227539 113% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0611813180049 0.0743258471296 82% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0583047283318 0.0701772020484 83% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.134678011097 0.128457276422 105% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0501005080197 0.0628817314937 80% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 14.3 14.3799401198 99% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 43.73 48.3550499002 90% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.9 12.197005988 98% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 14.5 12.5979740519 115% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.16 8.32208582834 110% => OK
difficult_words: 156.0 98.500998004 158% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 15.0 12.3882235529 121% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 11.1389221557 86% => OK
text_standard: 15.0 11.9071856287 126% => OK
What are above readability scores?

---------------------

Rates: 83.33 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 5.0 Out of 6
---------------------
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 5.5 out of 6
Category: Excellent Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 21 15
No. of Words: 540 350
No. of Characters: 2864 1500
No. of Different Words: 260 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.821 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.304 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.771 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 234 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 174 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 98 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 72 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 25.714 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 13.134 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.619 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.294 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.508 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.125 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5

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