Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean.
The author proposes so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. He or she offers a plausible argument, but it suffers from some logical flaws and gaps in evidence. While the connections suggested are reasonable, there are many other possible scenarios that discourage us suggesting so-called Palean baskets were indeed uniquely Palean.
To begin with, the author assumed that there was no boat which crossed the Brim River because Palean boats have not been found yet. However, there is no reason to believe that the boat actually did not exist. What if the boat's material was rotten by water?, What if the boat was made by heavy materials such as steel that cause the boat to sank? Maybe we just could not find the boat even though it really exits. Thus, we must ask, whether the boat did not exist at all or it just had not been found yet. Without answer of this question, it is hasty to conclude whether "Palean" basket is unique or not.
Let us assume, though, that the boat did not really exist. We are then prompted to ask whether the Brim River was impossible to cross without boat during ancient time. The author assumes that since the Brim River is very deep and broad nowadays, it was impossible to reach Lithos from Palean without boat. However, the passage does not offer information about the Brim River's past feature. There are many precedents for environmental changes such as sea level rise and formation of new river. Therefore, we can not assure that the river was actually inhospitable to cross during prehistoric ages, furthermore we can't assure the Brim River's existence at that time. Without information about Brim River's condition during prehistoric age, therefore, we can not affirm whether the basket is unique for Palean.
Finally, even if we assume that the above assumption will all hold up, we cannot take for granted the author's claim that "Palean" baskets are not distinct for Palean. What if there was intermediate village that imported the baskets from Palean and exported them to Lithos? Also, the author offers no data about whether there were alternative routes from Palean to Lithos. As we all know, there had been many intermediate countries which conduct intermediate trade between two countries. If there really exists intermediate village which can be accessed by Lithos and Palean easily, "Palean" baskets can be delivered to Lithos without boat to cross the river. Likewise, if alternative routes which do not include the river did exist, there is no need to rely on boat to transmit the baskets to Lithos. Therefore, without evidence that the Brim River was the only route between Palea and Lithos and there was no intermediate village, "Palean" baskets may be exclusive property of Palean.
A close examination of all the assumptions made in the author's proposal reveals that there are not enough evidence to claim that "Palean" baskets were not uniquely Palean. Although the proposal certainly points out a possible scenario, it is hasty to assure that the scenario is fact.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 613, Rule ID: CANT
Message: Did you mean 'can't' or 'cannot'?
Suggestion: can't; cannot
...during prehistoric ages, furthermore we cant assure the Brim Rivers existence at tha...
Line 9, column 56, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...tion of all the assumptions made in the authors proposal reveals that there are not eno...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
actually, also, but, finally, furthermore, however, if, likewise, may, really, so, then, therefore, thus, while, such as, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 33.0 19.6327345309 168% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 10.0 12.9520958084 77% => OK
Conjunction : 13.0 11.1786427146 116% => OK
Relative clauses : 19.0 13.6137724551 140% => OK
Pronoun: 36.0 28.8173652695 125% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 53.0 55.5748502994 95% => OK
Nominalization: 12.0 16.3942115768 73% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2583.0 2260.96107784 114% => OK
No of words: 507.0 441.139720559 115% => OK
Chars per words: 5.09467455621 5.12650576532 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.74517233601 4.56307096286 104% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.75994893048 2.78398813304 99% => OK
Unique words: 224.0 204.123752495 110% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.441814595661 0.468620217663 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 812.7 705.55239521 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 10.0 4.96107784431 202% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 6.0 8.76447105788 68% => OK
Subordination: 6.0 2.70958083832 221% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 4.22255489022 95% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 25.0 19.7664670659 126% => OK
Sentence length: 20.0 22.8473053892 88% => OK
Sentence length SD: 38.9229803587 57.8364921388 67% => OK
Chars per sentence: 103.32 119.503703932 86% => OK
Words per sentence: 20.28 23.324526521 87% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.4 5.70786347227 95% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 5.25449101796 38% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 3.0 8.20758483034 37% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 10.0 6.88822355289 145% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 12.0 4.67664670659 257% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.143406446697 0.218282227539 66% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0461446258657 0.0743258471296 62% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0416216830496 0.0701772020484 59% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0863423711476 0.128457276422 67% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.032444151104 0.0628817314937 52% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.7 14.3799401198 88% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 51.18 48.3550499002 106% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.1 12.197005988 91% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.24 12.5979740519 97% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.74 8.32208582834 93% => OK
difficult_words: 100.0 98.500998004 102% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 8.0 12.3882235529 65% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.0 11.1389221557 90% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.9071856287 67% => The average readability is low. Need to imporve the language.
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 25 15
No. of Words: 507 350
No. of Characters: 2463 1500
No. of Different Words: 218 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.745 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.858 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.393 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 179 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 117 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 72 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 41 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 20.28 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 5.786 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.76 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.337 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.535 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.206 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5