The knowledge that a student receives throughout his or her life is helpful at any stage of life. The methods employed in learning these things is of utmost importance. If students are accustomed to a methodology which involves thinking, analyzing and sometimes, even debating over certain issues will prove beneficial for them. An educator and his assessments plays a pivotal role in such cases. Thus the educators should base their assessment of students' learning on their ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts related to the facts that are being taught.
Grasping of a fact by a student not only means his ability to write or speak few sentences related to it. The real meaning of grasping equates with the understanding the ideas, background and other key aspects of the fact. An educator when promoting the students to explain these aspects of a fact, encourages the students to think and analyze the topic at hand. It allows the student to use their critical thinking abilities and imagination to predict something. This not only makes the fact under consideration more clearer but also forces the students to use their minds. Their increased analytical thought process helps them become fecund and can also boost their interest for a particularly boring subject.
When students discuss their ideas and trends about any fact, it also serves to clear any confusion within their minds. If a student has wrong interpretation about, for instance, a historical event, discussing his thoughts about it with educators and other students would certainly help him in recognizing his mistake. It may also cater to the realization that a fact may have a certain discrepancies and shortcomings. The student may also get aware of the fact that an issue may have more than one conclusions. If the educator tends to assess the student on his ability of grasping the facts, it probably would lead to an incorrect understanding of the issue, and chances are that it may not get corrected too.
The students when allowed to think on their own, tend to move away from the harmful path of rote learning on which the students can get an idea of how they are assessed and can manipulate their studies in order to score high marks. On the other hand, if an educator gives a chance for the students to discuss ideas, trends and concepts relevant to the fact being taught, they would definitely have better understanding. The knowledge they would recieve in such fashion is bound to stay with them well beyond their academic part of life. The method of learning learnt in schools or colleges would be helpful for the students to learn anything in their life.
All the points make a strong case for the fact that educators should not base their assessment of students' learning not on students' grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate.