Private collectors have been selling and buying fossils, the petrified remains of ancient organisms, ever since the eighteenth century. In recent years, however, the sale of fossils, particularly of dinosaurs and other large vertebrates, has grown into a big business. Rare and important fossils are now being sold to private ownership for millions of dollars. This is an unfortunate development for both scientists and the general public.
The public suffers because fossils that would otherwise be donated to museums where everyone can see them are sold to private collectors who do not allow the public to view their collections. Making it harder for the public to see fossils can lead to a decline in public interest in fossils, which would be a pity.
More importantly, scientists are likely to lose access to some of the most important fossils and thereby miss out on potentially crucial discoveries about extinct life forms. Wealthy fossil buyers with a desire to own the rarest and most important fossils can spend virtually limitless amounts of money to acquire them. Scientists and the museums and universities they work for often cannot compete successfully for fossils against millionaire fossil buyers.
Moreover, commercial fossil collectors often destroy valuable scientific evidence associated with the fossils they unearth. Most commercial fossil collectors are untrained or uninterested in carrying out the careful field work and documentation that reveal the most about animal life in the past. For example, scientists have learned about the biology of nest-building dinosaurs called oviraptors by carefully observing the exact position of oviraptor fossils in the ground and the presence of other fossils in the immediate surroundings. Commercial fossil collectors typically pay no attention to how fossils lie in the ground or to the smaller fossils that may surround bigger ones.
The article states that the selling process of rare fossils to private ownerships for millions of dollars is unsuitable and provides three reasons for supports. However, the professor explains that the benefits of this selling process outweigh the disadvantages and refutes the author's reasons.
First, the reading claims that the public will not be allowed to see the fossils which may lead to a decrease in public interest in fossils. The professor refutes this point by saying that museums and schools can buy cheap fossils and not buying expensive ones. He states that for public view purposes it is not crucial the kind of fossils.
Second, the article posits that scientists will not be able to get access to and check the rarest and most important fossils. However, the professor says that this argument in the passage is unrealistic. According to the professor, usually after discovering the fossils, it will check first by the scientific community to decide the value of fossils.
Third, the reading passage says that there is a high probability of destroying the scientific evidence surrounding the fossils by commercial fossil collectors. The professor opposes this point by explaining that universities and scientific communities are not able to discover and collect all fossils. She argues that the scientific community depends on commercial collectors to collect and discover fossils.
- Scientists are considering the possibility of sending humans to Mars in the coming decades Although there have been successful manned missions to the Moon in the 1960s and 1970s Mars is 150 times further away from Earth than the Moon is Thus the project o3
- Native to Europe and Asia cheatgrass is an invasive species of grass that is causing problems in North American fields The plant quickly dominates fields that it has invaded and drives out other plants This can cause among other problems severe damage to 75
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Universities should require all students to gain some working experience as part time employees or interns before they can graduate Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer60
- Although the sale of rhinoceros horns is illegal worldwide rhinoceroses Rhinos are commonly poached hunted illegally for their horns which can be sold for tens of thousands of dollars per kilogram Rhino horns are so valuable that one type of rhino is alre85
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement People should keep trying to reach their goals even if they seem impossible to achieve Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position88
Transition Words or Phrases used:
first, however, if, may, second, so, third, kind of
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 7.0 10.4613686534 67% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 5.0 5.04856512141 99% => OK
Conjunction : 9.0 7.30242825607 123% => OK
Relative clauses : 11.0 12.0772626932 91% => OK
Pronoun: 18.0 22.412803532 80% => OK
Preposition: 24.0 30.3222958057 79% => OK
Nominalization: 2.0 5.01324503311 40% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1193.0 1373.03311258 87% => OK
No of words: 221.0 270.72406181 82% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.39819004525 5.08290768461 106% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.85565412703 4.04702891845 95% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.75863765175 2.5805825403 107% => OK
Unique words: 114.0 145.348785872 78% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.515837104072 0.540411800872 95% => OK
syllable_count: 347.4 419.366225166 83% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 2.5761589404 39% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 11.0 13.0662251656 84% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 20.0 21.2450331126 94% => OK
Sentence length SD: 27.3975929449 49.2860985944 56% => The essay contains lots of sentences with the similar length. More sentence varieties wanted.
Chars per sentence: 108.454545455 110.228320801 98% => OK
Words per sentence: 20.0909090909 21.698381199 93% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.63636363636 7.06452816374 66% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.27373068433 70% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.133156027325 0.272083759551 49% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.055832313405 0.0996497079465 56% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0268730239041 0.0662205650399 41% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0820129024172 0.162205337803 51% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0157134970972 0.0443174109184 35% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.
automated_readability_index: 14.0 13.3589403974 105% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 51.18 53.8541721854 95% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.1 11.0289183223 101% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 14.04 12.2367328918 115% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.99 8.42419426049 107% => OK
difficult_words: 61.0 63.6247240618 96% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.0 10.498013245 95% => OK
text_standard: 14.0 11.2008830022 125% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 71.6666666667 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.