tpo 13Private collectors have been selling and buying fossils, the petrified remains of ancient organisms, ever since the eighteenth century. In recent years, however, the sale of fossils, particularly of dinosaurs and other large vertebrates, has grown i

Essay topics: tpo 13

Private collectors have been selling and buying fossils, the petrified remains of ancient organisms, ever since the eighteenth century. In recent years, however, the sale of fossils, particularly of dinosaurs and other large vertebrates, has grown into a big business. Rare and important fossils are now being sold to private ownership for millions of dollars. This is an unfortunate development for both scientists and the general public.

The public suffers because fossils that would otherwise be donated to museums where everyone can see them are sold to private collectors who do not allow the public to view their collections. Making it harder for the public to see fossils can lead to a decline in public interest in fossils, which would be a pity.

More importantly, scientists are likely to lose access to some of the most important fossils and thereby miss out on potentially crucial discoveries about extinct life forms. Wealthy fossil buyers with a desire to own the rarest and most important fossils can spend virtually limitless amounts of money to acquire them. Scientists and the museums and universities they work for often cannot compete successfully for fossils against millionaire fossil buyers.

Moreover, commercial fossil collectors often destroy valuable scientific evidence associated with the fossils they unearth. Most commercial fossil collectors are untrained or uninterested in carrying out the careful field work and documentation that reveal the most about animal life in the past. For example, scientists have learned about the biology of nest-building dinosaurs called oviraptors by carefully observing the exact position of oviraptor fossils in the ground and the presence of other fossils in the immediate surroundings. Commercial fossil collectors typically pay no attention to how fossils lie in the ground or to the smaller fossils that may surround bigger ones.

Seema Modak's picture

The reading and lecture are both about selling and buying of fossils which are recently sold to the private owner. The author of the reading feels that it is really harmful to both the scientist and the public. However, the lecturer challenged the claim made by the author. He is on the opinion that it is true that it has some negative consequence but selling is not really harmful.

To begin with, the author argues that the owner of the fossil will be private and collector may not allow seeing the fossil to the public. He also mentions that as a result public will show little interest to the fossil. The specific argument is challenged by the lecturer. He states that the public is as likely best exposure. He also elaborates the point by bringing that commercial fossil which is normally brought for the school, college and university to expose it for the student.

Second, the writer suggests that the scientist may not allow examining the fossil. Therefore, they will miss many important discoveries. However, the lecturer rebuts this by mentioning fossil need to be scientific identification.

He also claims that before passing to the private owner it always pass through by the scientist's hand.

Third, the author posits that collectors may not carefully handle the fossil and most of them may be untrained to handle the fossil. He also claims that commercial fossil normally pays less attention. In contrast, the author position is that if the investor starts to investing for the fossil then more fossil will discover in future. He also mentions that society will more be benefited by the investor.

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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 7, column 67, Rule ID: IT_VBZ[1]
Message: Did you mean 'passes'?
Suggestion: passes
... passing to the private owner it always pass through by the scientists hand. Third...
^^^^
Line 9, column 326, Rule ID: IN_PAST[1]
Message: Did you mean: 'in the future'?
Suggestion: in the future
...e fossil then more fossil will discover in future. He also mentions that society will mo...
^^^^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, however, if, may, really, second, so, then, therefore, third, in contrast, as a result, it is true, to begin with

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 14.0 10.4613686534 134% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 10.0 5.04856512141 198% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 12.0772626932 124% => OK
Pronoun: 28.0 22.412803532 125% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 27.0 30.3222958057 89% => OK
Nominalization: 5.0 5.01324503311 100% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1348.0 1373.03311258 98% => OK
No of words: 273.0 270.72406181 101% => OK
Chars per words: 4.93772893773 5.08290768461 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.06481385082 4.04702891845 100% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.52454573865 2.5805825403 98% => OK
Unique words: 133.0 145.348785872 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.487179487179 0.540411800872 90% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 409.5 419.366225166 98% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 8.0 3.25607064018 246% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 9.0 8.23620309051 109% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 17.0 13.0662251656 130% => OK
Sentence length: 16.0 21.2450331126 75% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 32.089839287 49.2860985944 65% => OK
Chars per sentence: 79.2941176471 110.228320801 72% => OK
Words per sentence: 16.0588235294 21.698381199 74% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.29411764706 7.06452816374 103% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 7.0 4.45695364238 157% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.27373068433 140% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.43008195791 0.272083759551 158% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.142201225528 0.0996497079465 143% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.114894621359 0.0662205650399 174% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.232791982239 0.162205337803 144% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.119881368637 0.0443174109184 271% => More connections among paragraphs wanted.

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 9.9 13.3589403974 74% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 63.7 53.8541721854 118% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.4 11.0289183223 76% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.08 12.2367328918 91% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.96 8.42419426049 94% => OK
difficult_words: 61.0 63.6247240618 96% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 7.5 10.7273730684 70% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.4 10.498013245 80% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.2008830022 71% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 73.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.0 Out of 30
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

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