The main subject of both the reading and the lecture is whether there are solutions for using glass in erecting buildings without injuring birds, which cannot distinguish transparent glass from obstacles in their path. The reading offers three solutions for this problem, while the lecture repudiates them and states that they are not efficacious and pragmatic methods.
The first suggestion the author states is the use of one-way glass instead of ordinary glass in the construction of buildings. This kind of glass acts in a way that people can see outside from the inside of buildings, but birds cannot see through it. The lecture asserts that birds see this kind of glass as a mirror, and when the picture of trees or the sky is reflected by such kind of glass, birds cannot differentiate it as a block, thus colliding with it.
The second solution the reading offers is constructors and designers use colored patterns on glass such as colored stripes. The lecture rejects it and says there is transparent space in this method, which is regarded as holes by birds. Thus, the space between stripes has to be narrow to be efficient, resulting in another problem which is dim-lighted rooms.
Finally, since birds have an ability to sense the earth's magnetic field so as to direct themselves, the passage suggests that buildings use a magnetic field to divert birds from glass-made buildings. Nonetheless, the passage refutes it on the grounds that birds use this ability only for a long-distance migration rather than a short-distance displacement from one point of a city to another one.
- TPO 42 80
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Parents today are more involved in their children s education than were in the past 73
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement books are not needed any more because people can read information on computers 90
- Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day s work Others prefer to get up later in the day and work late until late at night Which do you prefer 95
- Too much education is dangerous If people receive more education than they need to function in their job it only breeds dissatisfaction To what extend do you agree with this 76
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 24 in 30
Category: Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 10 12
No. of Words: 265 250
No. of Characters: 1301 1200
No. of Different Words: 136 150
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.035 4.2
Average Word Length: 4.909 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.687 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 92 80
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 75 60
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 40 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 31 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 26.5 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 6.989 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.8 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.406 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.684 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.132 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 4 4