In this set of materials, the reading and listening are both discussing the structures inside old fossilized trees wherein the reading states that skeptics doubt that structures were created by bees, and provides three possible arguments of support. However, the professor notes that there are still many issues with these structures. Moreover, he challenges each of the author's points.
First, the writer of the reading claims that the only fossilized structure has been found 100 million years old not 200 million years old. The lecturer refutes this point by explaining that fossil bees need a kind of resin to preserve. More than that, since there were no trees producing this kind of resin from 200 million years ago, the bees could not be preserved. Therefore, that does not mean that the bees did not exist at that time.
Secondly, the reading states that since the flowers did not exist 200 million years ago, there was doubt about the existence of bees. However, the professor points out that bees in 200 million years ago fed on non-flower trees such as pine or fern trees.
Finally, the author of the reading says that the bee nests are closed by caps. Nevertheless, the fossilized structures lack this cap. The professor opposes this point by mentioning that there are some theories support that bees build the chambers without caps. Furthermore, they use a water-proofing material as the same kind of material in the fossilized structures.
In conclusion, the three points made in the lecture contrast with the reading. The first, second and third points in the listening demonstrate that the fossilized structures were created by bees are in doubt. Additionally, both the writer and the lecturer hold conflicting views about these structures.
- Agnostids were a group of marine animals that became extinct about 450 million years ago. Agnostid fossils can be found in rocks in many areas around the world. From the fossil remains, we know that agnostids were primitive arthropods-relatives of modern-73
- TPO49-Humpback whales60
- Do you agree or disagree with this following statement? A four-day workweek benefits than a five-day workweek.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.76
- Did bees (a type of insect) exist on Earth as early as 200 million years ago? Such a theory is supported by the discovery of very old fossil structures that resemble bee nests. The structures have been found inside 200- million-year-old fossilized trees i73
- Agnostids were a group of marine animals that became extinct about 450 million years ago. Agnostid fossils can be found in rocks in many areas around the world. From the fossil remains, we know that agnostids were primitive arthropods-relatives of modern-76
Transition Words or Phrases used:
finally, first, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, second, secondly, so, still, therefore, third, in conclusion, kind of, such as
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 11.0 10.4613686534 105% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 2.0 5.04856512141 40% => OK
Conjunction : 5.0 7.30242825607 68% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 12.0772626932 124% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 22.412803532 107% => OK
Preposition: 34.0 30.3222958057 112% => OK
Nominalization: 1.0 5.01324503311 20% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1473.0 1373.03311258 107% => OK
No of words: 288.0 270.72406181 106% => OK
Chars per words: 5.11458333333 5.08290768461 101% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.11953428781 4.04702891845 102% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.59194121075 2.5805825403 100% => OK
Unique words: 146.0 145.348785872 100% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.506944444444 0.540411800872 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 420.3 419.366225166 100% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 12.0 8.23620309051 146% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 2.5761589404 116% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 16.0 13.0662251656 122% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 45.4985834258 49.2860985944 92% => OK
Chars per sentence: 92.0625 110.228320801 84% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.0 21.698381199 83% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.75 7.06452816374 124% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 2.0 4.33554083885 46% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 4.45695364238 135% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 8.0 4.27373068433 187% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.078124941047 0.272083759551 29% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0291752838153 0.0996497079465 29% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0242305744501 0.0662205650399 37% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.045874392679 0.162205337803 28% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0210764482768 0.0443174109184 48% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.
automated_readability_index: 11.6 13.3589403974 87% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 61.67 53.8541721854 115% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.1 11.0289183223 83% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.06 12.2367328918 99% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.54 8.42419426049 90% => OK
difficult_words: 55.0 63.6247240618 86% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
It is not exactly right on the topic in the view of e-grader. Maybe there is a wrong essay topic.
Rates: 3.33333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 1.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.