The city council of Town X has proposed reducing the city’s electric expenses by switching all the lights in public buildings from incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The switch would be made gradually as the old incandescent bulbs burn

Essay topics:

The city council of Town X has proposed reducing the city’s electric expenses by switching all the lights in public buildings from incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The switch would be made gradually as the old incandescent bulbs burn out, and the city council reasons that since LED lights burn brighter and cost no more to purchase, the switch would help Town X save money on electrical costs in the future.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered to help evaluate the efficacy of the city council’s proposal to save money on electrical costs. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the council’s prediction.

The city council of Town X proposed to switch incandescent bulbs to LEDs in public buildings, in order to save money on electrical cost. They have proposed two reasons, for this switch (from bulbs to LEDs), that are, LEDs burn brighter and cost no more to purchase. However, the question arises whether the Town X does have this much money to make a switch, considering from overall needs of the town, even when the switch doesn’t costs more.

The council also mentioned that the city’s electrical expenses will be reduced, by such a switch of bulbs. But, if the LEDs burn brighter than it can be possible that, they need more energy for it, which will in turn, increase the electrical expenses of the town. As, council have said, that switch will be made gradually; if it will be made in such a manner to benefit the town. Because, if the switch is gradual, then town needs to maintain a stock of these LEDs, which means increased expenses for storage and on wear and tear of these bulbs. There are any problems in switching these bulbs altogether instead of sections. Because, if they buy in retail, it may cost less than buying in wholesale as the old bulbs burn out.

As it has been given that, the switch will be made as the old bulbs burn out; the point is that, the reason behind the burn out of the old bulbs will not affect the new bulbs. What is the guarantee that the new bulbs can handle that problem (like fluctuation)? Another point is that, if the new bulbs can fit in the older plugs and can burn (light up) by the supply of old fittings or they needed to be replaced, increasing the expenses of the town. While, in addition to it, the another expense could be of, some kind of air conditioner to normalize the increase in temperature, caused by the heating of new bulbs, as they must heated up to burn brighter.

Further, what is the life expectancy and efficiency of the new bulbs in comparison to the older ones? What is the warm-up period of new bulbs than to the old bulbs? Does it have some bad effects to humans and the environment? For example, the light variations of these new bulbs, affect the employees vision, working in these public buildings in what manner, if it cause some kind of damage to their eyes. Besides, council can also look for its benefit, by selling the older bulbs in exchange of new bulbs giving a little more on the LEDs.

Another question is, if the council has applied this plan before as a trial to know the various affects and outcomes of it. Does the electrical expense reduced after the trial or they are applying this plan in case of some hidden benefit to them. For example, for benefitting their related companies of LEDs. Because without any conclusive evidence to support the council’s argument it is hard to conclude that the proposed plans will sure to reduce the electrical expenses with the above addressed reasons.

Finally, the proposal of the council seems carrying lack of information. More points need to be addressed before making it happen, such as, the market price, the duration period of bulbs, the possible energy consumption by these bulbs, the expense of new fittings and others. The council needs to explore more possible benefits and drawbacks of the plan before applying it in the town.

Average: 5.5 (3 votes)
Essay Categories


Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 563, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...conditioner to normalize the increase in temperature, caused by the heating of ne...
Line 7, column 366, Rule ID: IT_VBZ[1]
Message: Did you mean 'causes'?
Suggestion: causes
... public buildings in what manner, if it cause some kind of damage to their eyes. Besi...

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, besides, but, finally, however, if, look, may, so, then, while, for example, in addition, kind of, such as

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 20.0 19.6327345309 102% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 17.0 12.9520958084 131% => OK
Conjunction : 11.0 11.1786427146 98% => OK
Relative clauses : 13.0 13.6137724551 95% => OK
Pronoun: 42.0 28.8173652695 146% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 89.0 55.5748502994 160% => OK
Nominalization: 10.0 16.3942115768 61% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2714.0 2260.96107784 120% => OK
No of words: 582.0 441.139720559 132% => OK
Chars per words: 4.66323024055 5.12650576532 91% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.91168771031 4.56307096286 108% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.41747631453 2.78398813304 87% => OK
Unique words: 246.0 204.123752495 121% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.422680412371 0.468620217663 90% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 808.2 705.55239521 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.4 1.59920159681 88% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 4.96107784431 101% => OK
Article: 14.0 8.76447105788 160% => OK
Subordination: 10.0 2.70958083832 369% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 4.22255489022 118% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 23.0 19.7664670659 116% => OK
Sentence length: 25.0 22.8473053892 109% => OK
Sentence length SD: 57.4899678928 57.8364921388 99% => OK
Chars per sentence: 118.0 119.503703932 99% => OK
Words per sentence: 25.3043478261 23.324526521 108% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.86956521739 5.70786347227 85% => OK
Paragraphs: 6.0 5.15768463074 116% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 5.25449101796 38% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 14.0 8.20758483034 171% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 6.88822355289 58% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 4.67664670659 107% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.377426366457 0.218282227539 173% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.117093182205 0.0743258471296 158% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0860814875377 0.0701772020484 123% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.189110893013 0.128457276422 147% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0968941712151 0.0628817314937 154% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 13.2 14.3799401198 92% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 63.02 48.3550499002 130% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.7 12.197005988 88% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 10.04 12.5979740519 80% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.73 8.32208582834 93% => OK
difficult_words: 105.0 98.500998004 107% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 12.3882235529 89% => OK
gunning_fog: 12.0 11.1389221557 108% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.9071856287 92% => OK
What are above readability scores?


Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 25 15
No. of Words: 583 350
No. of Characters: 2602 1500
No. of Different Words: 230 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.914 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.463 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.291 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 164 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 120 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 73 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 36 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 23.32 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.643 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.56 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.316 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.549 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.11 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 6 5