The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist.
"Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and thus that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
Dr. Karp pointed out in the article that his method by interviewing children is more accurate and better than Dr. Field's. However, there are some assumptions that that Dr. Karp must address in order to give his conclusion.
Firstly, Dr Karp assumed that his widely made interview can also fit for the specific island of Tertia. Before stating Dr. Field's method is inferior, Dr. Karp needs to conduct his interview in Tertia to have the same experiment background as Dr. Field. Also, the interview should only focus on the children of Tertia rather than children living in other groups of islands. Children in other islands may not have the same backgrounds as children of Tertia. Moreover, Dr. Karp should provide the situation when the interviews are conducted. Where is the interviews conducted? In the article, the interview seems to be done in an environment that all the children of the group of islands can gather. Maybe its a school else where or a children scout camp far from the region.
Secondly, by judging others works as invalid because the results are different than yours seems unreasonable. Since different methods are used, there is a high chance that the results will be different. The children may react differently by the to methods. When observation is done, the children and Tertia residents can act normally and it may reflects the real situations in their lives. On the other hand, direct contact such as interviews may cause children to behave differently since their parents might be by their side. Therefore, Dr. Karp might need to also conduct the method of observation to figure out whether the results are the same as interview before making the assumption that Dr. Field's research is invalid.
Thirdly, the articles states that the interview is carried by Dr. Karp's students. Dr. Karp seems to be very confident towards his students that they will do the job properly. However, the students might be poorly paid graduates that are reluctant to do such interviews and design the interview questions poorly. Also the students might not have enough knowledge of Tertia as Dr. Karp did. They might misrepresent the results of the interview.
Before judging others results are wrong, Dr Karp must first address the assumptions he made clearly.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 159, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
...ds. However, there are some assumptions that that Dr. Karp must address in order to give ...
Line 5, column 704, Rule ID: IT_IS
Message: Did you mean 'it's' (='it is') instead of 'its' (possessive pronoun)?
Suggestion: it's; it is
... the group of islands can gather. Maybe its a school else where or a children scout...
Line 9, column 80, Rule ID: RATHER_THEN
Message: Did you mean 'different 'from''? 'Different than' is often considered colloquial style.
...valid because the results are different than yours seems unreasonable. Since differe...
Line 13, column 313, Rule ID: SENT_START_CONJUNCTIVE_LINKING_ADVERB_COMMA
Message: Did you forget a comma after a conjunctive/linking adverb?
... design the interview questions poorly. Also the students might not have enough know...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, first, firstly, however, if, may, moreover, second, secondly, so, therefore, third, thirdly, such as, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 19.0 19.6327345309 97% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 19.0 12.9520958084 147% => OK
Conjunction : 5.0 11.1786427146 45% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 14.0 13.6137724551 103% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 28.8173652695 83% => OK
Preposition: 42.0 55.5748502994 76% => OK
Nominalization: 6.0 16.3942115768 37% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1913.0 2260.96107784 85% => OK
No of words: 378.0 441.139720559 86% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.06084656085 5.12650576532 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.40933352052 4.56307096286 97% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.58557115286 2.78398813304 93% => OK
Unique words: 178.0 204.123752495 87% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.470899470899 0.468620217663 100% => OK
syllable_count: 549.9 705.55239521 78% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 1.0 4.96107784431 20% => OK
Article: 6.0 8.76447105788 68% => OK
Subordination: 4.0 2.70958083832 148% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 6.0 4.22255489022 142% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 22.0 19.7664670659 111% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 22.8473053892 74% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 35.6708147481 57.8364921388 62% => OK
Chars per sentence: 86.9545454545 119.503703932 73% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.1818181818 23.324526521 74% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.68181818182 5.70786347227 100% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 4.0 5.25449101796 76% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 3.0 6.88822355289 44% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 14.0 4.67664670659 299% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.248997013712 0.218282227539 114% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0837843782761 0.0743258471296 113% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0642442723383 0.0701772020484 92% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.146229627918 0.128457276422 114% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0709181848235 0.0628817314937 113% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.0 14.3799401198 76% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 62.68 48.3550499002 130% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.7 12.197005988 71% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.77 12.5979740519 93% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.78 8.32208582834 93% => OK
difficult_words: 79.0 98.500998004 80% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 12.3882235529 85% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 11.1389221557 79% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.9071856287 76% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.0 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 21 15
No. of Words: 378 350
No. of Characters: 1857 1500
No. of Different Words: 175 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.409 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.913 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.504 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 139 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 103 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 65 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 41 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 18 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 7.616 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.667 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.338 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.526 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.136 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5