The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville.
"All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years, several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
Driver’s education courses are offered throughout the United States whether through a local school district or through the state government. Centerville has previously had accidents that involved teenage drivers and the author believes that a mandatory program sponsored by the high school will be the solution to this problem. It is stated that teenagers are in accidents because they do not attend a driving school and it is also stated that a sponsored, mandatory program is the only solution to this serious problem. On the other hand, it holds an unstated assumption that any driving instruction would create safer teenage drivers. The author has left many stated and unstated assumptions, that in the case of these being unwarranted, would weaken the argument made.
The author explicitly states that teenagers are involved in automobile accidents because they do not attend a driver’s education course because their parents are on a tight budget and cannot afford to pay for the classes. What if the teenagers are involved in these accidents because of the lack of awareness made by other drivers? This is a world where distractions are everywhere whether it is day dreaming out of the car windows or tweeting a favorite song lyric via the iPhone. Just because teenagers were involved in the accidents does not mean they were the ones in fault. Many adults now a days tend to be distracted drivers just as much as teenagers.
Secondly, it is left unstated but assumed that Centerville teenagers who participate in the mandatory driver’s course will automatically make them safe drivers. Just because a person attends a safety class on driving does not mean that they will take the knowledge learned in class and apply it to their reality. For example, an avid hunter attends an annual hunter’s safety course in order to ensure safety during the season, but later on while on a hunting expedition, he sees a deer far away and believes he can make the shot on a whim, but does not follow any precautions that he learned in the safety course because he wanted the kill.
Not only is it unstated that instruction in the first place will guarantee to make them safer drivers, but the author says that the proposed program that would be mandatory and effective is the only solution to the problem involving teenage driving accidents. Out of the problem solving world, this is not the only solution available to the Centerville residents. Perhaps another proposed solution would be to host a driver’s education class built into the high school requirements at Centerville. The instruction would be allowed to take two to three students out on the road during class time and teach them how to drive in reality. Another solution would be to limit the times that teenagers are allowed on the road. Some states require that newly licensed drivers are only allowed to drive between the hours of 6AM-10PM Sunday through Thursday, but is extended for an hour on Friday and Saturday nights. These proposed solutions are another alternative to the author’s proposal.
All in all, the author created a valid argument about the teenage drivers in Centerville but left some unstated and clearly stated assumptions that could be proved to be wrong and thus weaken or destroy the argument. Teenagers are not the only prospect of the accidents but a mandatory course can never guarantee the teenagers driving safety. Also, the proposed solution is not the only solution to the problem of Centerville. The author should increase their research and propose a solution that did not leave any stated or unstated assumptions.
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- The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville."All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years, several accidents in and around Centerville have in 75
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 602, Rule ID: NOW_A_DAYS
Message: Did you mean 'nowadays'?
...ey were the ones in fault. Many adults now a days tend to be distracted drivers just as m...
Line 3, column 606, Rule ID: A_PLURAL
Message: Don't use indefinite articles with plural words. Did you mean 'a day' or simply 'days'?
Suggestion: a day; days
...ere the ones in fault. Many adults now a days tend to be distracted drivers just as m...
Line 5, column 655, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...fety course because he wanted the kill. Not only is it unstated that instruction...
Line 9, column 552, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...ave any stated or unstated assumptions.
Discourse Markers used:
['also', 'but', 'first', 'if', 'second', 'secondly', 'so', 'thus', 'while', 'for example', 'in the first place', 'on the other hand']
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance in Part of Speech:
Nouns: 0.25 0.25644967241 97% => OK
Verbs: 0.180722891566 0.15541462614 116% => OK
Adjectives: 0.0647590361446 0.0836205057962 77% => OK
Adverbs: 0.046686746988 0.0520304965353 90% => OK
Pronouns: 0.0316265060241 0.0272364105082 116% => OK
Prepositions: 0.111445783133 0.125424944231 89% => OK
Participles: 0.0496987951807 0.0416121511921 119% => OK
Conjunctions: 2.73842297913 2.79052419416 98% => OK
Infinitives: 0.0271084337349 0.026700313972 102% => OK
Particles: 0.00150602409639 0.001811407834 83% => OK
Determiners: 0.132530120482 0.113004496875 117% => OK
Modal_auxiliary: 0.0225903614458 0.0255425247493 88% => OK
WH_determiners: 0.0120481927711 0.0127820249294 94% => OK
Vocabulary words and sentences:
No of characters: 3674.0 2731.13054187 135% => OK
No of words: 601.0 446.07635468 135% => OK
Chars per words: 6.11314475874 6.12365571057 100% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.95129289623 4.57801047555 108% => OK
words length more than 5 chars: 0.38768718802 0.378187486979 103% => OK
words length more than 6 chars: 0.302828618968 0.287650121315 105% => OK
words length more than 7 chars: 0.202995008319 0.208842608468 97% => OK
words length more than 8 chars: 0.12146422629 0.135150697306 90% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.73842297913 2.79052419416 98% => OK
Unique words: 246.0 207.018472906 119% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.409317803661 0.469332199767 87% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
Word variations: 48.9638409254 52.1807786196 94% => OK
How many sentences: 24.0 20.039408867 120% => OK
Sentence length: 25.0416666667 23.2022227129 108% => OK
Sentence length SD: 60.7638301587 57.7814097925 105% => OK
Chars per sentence: 153.083333333 141.986410481 108% => OK
Words per sentence: 25.0416666667 23.2022227129 108% => OK
Discourse Markers: 0.5 0.724660767414 69% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.14285714286 97% => OK
Language errors: 4.0 3.58251231527 112% => OK
Readability: 55.3245285635 51.9672348444 106% => OK
Elegance: 1.58720930233 1.8405768891 86% => OK
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.509039797795 0.441005458295 115% => OK
Sentence sentence coherence: 0.14138727186 0.135418324435 104% => OK
Sentence sentence coherence SD: 0.0877228121142 0.0829849096947 106% => OK
Sentence paragraph coherence: 0.564010511793 0.58762219726 96% => OK
Sentence paragraph coherence SD: 0.121701700227 0.147661913831 82% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.218875830655 0.193483328276 113% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0871330222944 0.0970749176394 90% => OK
Paragraph paragraph coherence: 0.448379953169 0.42659136922 105% => OK
Paragraph paragraph coherence SD: 0.100953969055 0.0774707102158 130% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.378622201489 0.312017818177 121% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0459827725902 0.0698173142475 66% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 13.0 8.33743842365 156% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 9.0 6.87684729064 131% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.82512315271 41% => OK
Positive topic words: 7.0 6.46551724138 108% => OK
Negative topic words: 5.0 5.36822660099 93% => OK
Neutral topic words: 1.0 2.82389162562 35% => OK
Total topic words: 13.0 14.657635468 89% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Rates: 75.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.5 Out of 6 -- The score is based on the average performance of 20,000 argument essays. This e-grader is not smart enough to check on arguments.
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.