The following appeared in a memorandum from the planning department of an electric power company.
"Several recent surveys indicate that home owners are increasingly eager to conserve energy. At the same time, manufacturers are now marketing many home appliances, such as refrigerators and air conditioners, that are almost twice as energy efficient as those sold a decade ago. Also, new technologies for better home insulation and passive solar heating are readily available to reduce the energy needed for home heating. Therefore, the total demand for electricity in our area will not increase—and may decline slightly. Since our three electric generating plants in operation for the past twenty years have always met our needs, construction of new generating plants will not be necessary."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
According to the memorandum from the planning department of an electric power company, the author of the memo assumes that company does not have to build additional power plants because of energy conserving trend from the surveys, new effective machines and new available technologies. The author’s assumptions seem convincing at first, however, its weakness lead me to question the credibility of the author’s decision
First, the assumption about the recent surveys should be proved. the author asserted that the surveys imply that home owners’ eagnerness to conserve energy and advertised home appliances are effective that it would curtail the energy requirement almost twice than decade ago. It is possible it would decrease by twice but it might be too marginal rate that it could not make any changes. Even the decrease is effective, we should know that home owners eagerness does not mean the actual action in reducing energy and many home appliances which is on marketing also does not mean that they are distributed to every home owners. It is too hasty to judge only based on the surveys and trends.
Second, the author argues that new technologies are already available enough to reduce energy through improving home insulation and passive solar heating pannels. It is true that those systems help to preserve more energy but, however, as the author mentioned it only diminish the total demand for electricity slightly. If those system is effective that create remarkable chages, it will took over a year to install those energy conserving systems to each home. Thus, the author should consider more deeply about his assumptions.
Lastly, the power company should build or repair their generating plants, the author decided too hastly by depending on their superficial data of energy demand. There three energy plants have been operating for over twenty years that they might need replacement or, at least, repair. It is possible that the plants are already ramshackle that it might cause energy problem soon. If one of the plants get down without any extra plant, It will be too late to solve the problem when it already happened, it is almost impossible to meet energy demand with only 2 old plants. Therefore, the author should give more strong assumptions about their plants.
In summary, the authors assumptions are weak and unconvincing in many grounds. To bolster the presumptions, the author should consider more deeply about the factors that I mentioned above, survey results, new technologies application and the age of 3 plants.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 67, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
...ut the recent surveys should be proved. the author asserted that the surveys imply ...
Line 3, column 452, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'owners'' or 'owner's'?
Suggestion: owners'; owner's
... is effective, we should know that home owners eagerness does not mean the actual acti...
Line 5, column 270, Rule ID: IT_VBZ
Message: Did you mean 'diminishes'?
...owever, as the author mentioned it only diminish the total demand for electricity slight...
Line 5, column 325, Rule ID: THIS_NNS
Message: Did you mean 'this system' or 'those systems'?
Suggestion: this system; those systems
...tal demand for electricity slightly. If those system is effective that create remarkable cha...
Line 5, column 390, Rule ID: DID_BASEFORM
Message: The verb 'will' requires the base form of the verb: 'take'
... that create remarkable chages, it will took over a year to install those energy con...
Line 5, column 418, Rule ID: THIS_NNS
Message: Did you mean 'this energy' or 'those energies'?
Suggestion: this energy; those energies
...es, it will took over a year to install those energy conserving systems to each home. Thus, ...
Line 9, column 211, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'technologies'' or 'technology's'?
Suggestion: technologies'; technology's
... I mentioned above, survey results, new technologies application and the age of 3 plants.
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, however, if, lastly, second, so, therefore, thus, at least, in summary, it is true
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 17.0 19.6327345309 87% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 15.0 12.9520958084 116% => OK
Conjunction : 11.0 11.1786427146 98% => OK
Relative clauses : 16.0 13.6137724551 118% => OK
Pronoun: 41.0 28.8173652695 142% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 43.0 55.5748502994 77% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 16.3942115768 43% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2165.0 2260.96107784 96% => OK
No of words: 414.0 441.139720559 94% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.22946859903 5.12650576532 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.51076378781 4.56307096286 99% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.66391394189 2.78398813304 96% => OK
Unique words: 218.0 204.123752495 107% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.526570048309 0.468620217663 112% => OK
syllable_count: 671.4 705.55239521 95% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 9.0 4.96107784431 181% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.76447105788 126% => OK
Subordination: 3.0 2.70958083832 111% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 4.22255489022 95% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 17.0 19.7664670659 86% => OK
Sentence length: 24.0 22.8473053892 105% => OK
Sentence length SD: 63.0163377509 57.8364921388 109% => OK
Chars per sentence: 127.352941176 119.503703932 107% => OK
Words per sentence: 24.3529411765 23.324526521 104% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.88235294118 5.70786347227 103% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 7.0 5.25449101796 133% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 9.0 8.20758483034 110% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 6.88822355289 58% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.67664670659 86% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.175975517207 0.218282227539 81% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0512525989174 0.0743258471296 69% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0618523087147 0.0701772020484 88% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.100288791384 0.128457276422 78% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0785078687127 0.0628817314937 125% => OK
automated_readability_index: 15.4 14.3799401198 107% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 47.12 48.3550499002 97% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 12.7 12.197005988 104% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.35 12.5979740519 106% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.6 8.32208582834 103% => OK
difficult_words: 99.0 98.500998004 101% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 20.0 12.3882235529 161% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.6 11.1389221557 104% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.9071856287 76% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Sentence: First, the assumption about the recent surveys should be proved. the author asserted that the surveys imply that home owners' eagnerness to conserve energy and advertised home appliances are effective that it would curtail the energy requirement almost twice than decade ago.
Error: eagnerness Suggestion: eagerness
Sentence: Second, the author argues that new technologies are already available enough to reduce energy through improving home insulation and passive solar heating pannels.
Error: pannels Suggestion: No alternate word
Sentence: If those system is effective that create remarkable chages, it will took over a year to install those energy conserving systems to each home.
Error: chages Suggestion: changes
Sentence: Lastly, the power company should build or repair their generating plants, the author decided too hastly by depending on their superficial data of energy demand.
Error: hastly Suggestion: No alternate word
argument 1 -- not OK. we may say: maybe people will buy more home appliances.
argument 2 -- not OK. we may say: maybe new technologies are very expensive.
argument 3 -- not exactly. we may say: maybe there will be more populations.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: ??? out of 6
Category: Poor Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 5 2
No. of Sentences: 17 15
No. of Words: 414 350
No. of Characters: 2094 1500
No. of Different Words: 209 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.511 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.058 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.528 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 165 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 102 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 69 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 47 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 24.353 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 10.66 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.765 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.355 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.582 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.099 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5