The following is part of a memorandum from the president of Humana University.
"Last year the number of students who enrolled in online degree programs offered by nearby Omni University increased by 50 percent. During the same year, Omni showed a significant decrease from prior years in expenditures for dormitory and classroom space, most likely because online instruction takes place via the Internet. In contrast, over the past three years, enrollment at Humana University has failed to grow and the cost of maintaining buildings has increased. Thus, to increase enrollment and solve the problem of budget deficits at Humana University, we should initiate and actively promote online degree programs like those at Omni."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
The argument avers that Omni University; near to Humana University, has experienced a 50% increase in enrollment after introducing online degree programs last year. Not just the enrollment increased, also the expenses decreased in Omni University. Because of all these advantages, the president of Humana University wants to promote online degree programs to thrive like Omni University. The argument is based on many unstated assumptions and it has flaws in many points.
First of all, the argument fails to provide justification that the two mentioned universities, Humana University and Omni University are similar. The two universities can differ in many ways. Perhaps Omni University has a small campus and lower number of students than Humana University. Perhaps Omni University has a significantly lower number of students than Omni university. There are not much information provided in the argument about the sizes, students, faculties, professors or any other things, which makes it very obscure to examine the argument. If two universities are completely different from each other, it will undermine the argument that Omni University's initiative will work for Humana University.
Secondly, Omni University experienced a 50% increase in student enrollment, but the argument did not mention the number of students of Omni University in any of the years. Perhaps, the number of enrollment is very low. If there were 20 students before the online program in Omni university and 30 students after introducing the program, that would also make the enrollment increased by 50% but would be pointless to compare it with Humana University if Humana deals with thousands of students every year.
Thirdly, the argument itself is not sure about the actual reason of the decrease in expenses for dormitory and classroom space. Dormitory and classroom expenses can decrease for many other reasons, not necessarily for introducing online program. Perhaps, the classroom and dormitory in Omni University are not so clean and sound; perhaps, the facilities are not enough for students so they stay outside the campus in rented houses. Probably the students do not join the classroom anymore. If any of the assumptions is true, it will weaken the argument.
Fourthly, there is not much information provided about the failure of student growth in Humana University. Also, the argument lacks to provide information about the reasons of the budget deficits at Humana University. There might be various reasons. Probably the maintenance cost of Humana University is higher. Perhaps, there are lots of problems in budget management in Humana University. Or perhaps, Humana University has very strict rules and regulations for which, students are reluctant to apply to Humana University. There are many unstated assumptions in the argument, which can weaken the argument.
The argument, as it stands now is flawed. It relies on too many unwarranted assumptions and needs a lot more information to be proved as justified.
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Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, if, second, secondly, so, third, thirdly, first of all
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 19.0 19.6327345309 97% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 9.0 12.9520958084 69% => OK
Conjunction : 14.0 11.1786427146 125% => OK
Relative clauses : 7.0 13.6137724551 51% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 14.0 28.8173652695 49% => OK
Preposition: 57.0 55.5748502994 103% => OK
Nominalization: 26.0 16.3942115768 159% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2563.0 2260.96107784 113% => OK
No of words: 470.0 441.139720559 107% => OK
Chars per words: 5.45319148936 5.12650576532 106% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.65612321451 4.56307096286 102% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.93683387504 2.78398813304 105% => OK
Unique words: 196.0 204.123752495 96% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.417021276596 0.468620217663 89% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 838.8 705.55239521 119% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.8 1.59920159681 113% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 4.96107784431 81% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.76447105788 126% => OK
Subordination: 5.0 2.70958083832 185% => OK
Conjunction: 2.0 1.67365269461 119% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 4.22255489022 47% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 27.0 19.7664670659 137% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 22.8473053892 74% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 55.6053110528 57.8364921388 96% => OK
Chars per sentence: 94.9259259259 119.503703932 79% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.4074074074 23.324526521 75% => OK
Discourse Markers: 2.66666666667 5.70786347227 47% => More transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 6.0 5.15768463074 116% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 5.25449101796 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 8.20758483034 49% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 19.0 6.88822355289 276% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.67664670659 86% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.338137321671 0.218282227539 155% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.103357348923 0.0743258471296 139% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.106359153853 0.0701772020484 152% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.18981111671 0.128457276422 148% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.138197683256 0.0628817314937 220% => More connections among paragraphs wanted.
automated_readability_index: 12.9 14.3799401198 90% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 37.3 48.3550499002 77% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 12.3 12.197005988 101% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 14.03 12.5979740519 111% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.81 8.32208582834 94% => OK
difficult_words: 99.0 98.500998004 101% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 12.3882235529 85% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 11.1389221557 79% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.9071856287 76% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 58.33 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.5 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 4.0 out of 6
Category: Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 27 15
No. of Words: 470 350
No. of Characters: 2476 1500
No. of Different Words: 188 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.656 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.268 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.847 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 194 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 147 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 118 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 76 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 17.407 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.837 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.333 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.349 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.543 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.134 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 6 5