The reading and the lecture are both about the causes of asthma. The author of the reading provides various explanations for the causes of asthma. The lecturer challenges the claims made by the author. He is of the opinion that the explanations are faulty.
To begin with, the author argues that asthma is an intermittent disorder, which is accompanied by wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. The article also mentions that after each asthma attack, the symptoms diminish and the airways are returned to normal condition. This specific argument is directly opposed by the lecturer. He is of the opinion that the airways in between the asthma attacks do not return to normal functioning. Moreover, he states that the airways permanently become narrow and the walls thicken forever.
Secondly, the writer mentions that certain environmental conditions can act as triggers to asthmatics. In contrast, however, the lecturer mentions that certain environmental factors maybe the cause of the disease in many asthmatics. Furthermore, the lecturer argues that genetic factors can also play a vital role in the cause of asthma as revealed by a study of young asthmatic children.
Finally, the author posits that during an asthma attack, the bronchial tubes and other smaller tubes become narrower and as a result, air cannot flow through the lungs easily. The lecturer rebuts the claim, by arguing that this remodeling of tubes can, in fact, be the cause of the disease. He goes to say that, a study conducted on young asthmatic children revealed that, their tubes were remodeled before they were born and hence, the remodeling of tubes is the fundamental cause of asthma rather than the consequence, as stated in the reading.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 148, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
... explanations for the causes of asthma. The lecturer challenges the claims made by ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, furthermore, hence, however, if, may, moreover, second, secondly, so, in contrast, in fact, as a result, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 5.04856512141 79% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 13.0 12.0772626932 108% => OK
Pronoun: 20.0 22.412803532 89% => OK
Preposition: 37.0 30.3222958057 122% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1456.0 1373.03311258 106% => OK
No of words: 281.0 270.72406181 104% => OK
Chars per words: 5.18149466192 5.08290768461 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.09427095027 4.04702891845 101% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.70634427552 2.5805825403 105% => OK
Unique words: 143.0 145.348785872 98% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.508896797153 0.540411800872 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 442.8 419.366225166 106% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 3.25607064018 184% => OK
Article: 14.0 8.23620309051 170% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 15.0 13.0662251656 115% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 52.2377471013 49.2860985944 106% => OK
Chars per sentence: 97.0666666667 110.228320801 88% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.7333333333 21.698381199 86% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.2 7.06452816374 130% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 7.0 4.45695364238 157% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.27373068433 94% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.109825719216 0.272083759551 40% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0384106463401 0.0996497079465 39% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.044964739594 0.0662205650399 68% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0632398463876 0.162205337803 39% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0301211037903 0.0443174109184 68% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.3 13.3589403974 92% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 53.21 53.8541721854 99% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.3 11.0289183223 93% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.76 12.2367328918 104% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.74 8.42419426049 104% => OK
difficult_words: 75.0 63.6247240618 118% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 5.5 10.7273730684 51% => Linsear_write_formula is low.
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 13.0 11.2008830022 116% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 78.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 23.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.