Arctic deer live on islands in Canada's arctic regions. They search for food by moving over ice from island to island during the course of the year. Their habitat is limited to areas warm enough to sustain the plants on which they feed and cold enough, at least some of the year, for the ice to cover the sea separating the islands, allowing the deer to travel over it. Unfortunately, according to reports from local hunters, the deer populations are declining. Since these reports coincide with recent global warming trends that have caused the sea ice to melt, we can conclude that the purported decline in deer populations is the result of the deer's being unable to follow their age-old migration patterns across the frozen sea.
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.
The author asserts that the reason for the decrease in artic deer population is the limited ability for the deers to follow their age-old migration patterns across the frozen sea. The author came to this conclusion based on the recent global warming trend which caused the sea ice to melt. However, before this argument can be properly evaluated, three questions must be answered.
First of all, how cold is the habitat of the deers other times of the year? In other words,Is it cold all year round in the habitation of the deers to keep the ice frozen all the time? It is possible that the surroundings is not always frozen year round, maybe when it gets warm, it melts the ice, thereby defrozing the ice which the deers walk on to cross over from island to island. if this scenario has merit, then the conclusion drawn in the original argument is significantly weakened.
Secondly, is there any evidence to prove the validity of the hunters? is it possible that the hunters miscounted the arctic deers? Maybe the hunters normally counted the deers at a particular area and time at their habitat, where they thought the deers usually gathered, and this time they went taking account of the animals, instead of checking properly, perhaps some animals wandered farther away. They rather took inventory of the animals that they saw, hence resulting in the conclusion in the decline of the deers. If the above stated is true, then the argument does not hold water.
Thirdly, the author concludes that the reason for the decline in the number of arctic animals is due to the deers being unable to follow the age-old migration pattern in search of food, which is conflicting, because if the passage blames global warming which is an increase in temperature thereby causing the ice to melt, there probably will not be any need for the animals to follow the age-old migration patterns across the sea as there maybe sufficient plant feed for the inhabitants.
As the case may be, there might be other reasons for the reduction in the number of animals. If the above stated is true, then the argument is weakened.
In conclusion, as it stands now, the argument is considerably flawed due to its reliance on some unwarranted assumptions. If the author is able to answer the three questions above, by and offer more evidence, then it will be possible to completely evaluate the arguments.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 91, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , Is
... other times of the year? In other words,Is it cold all year round in the habitatio...
Line 5, column 386, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
...on to cross over from island to island. if this scenario has merit, then the concl...
Line 9, column 71, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
...e to prove the validity of the hunters? is it possible that the hunters miscounted...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
first, hence, however, if, may, second, secondly, so, then, third, thirdly, in conclusion, first of all, in other words
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 23.0 19.6327345309 117% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 7.0 12.9520958084 54% => OK
Conjunction : 3.0 11.1786427146 27% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 11.0 13.6137724551 81% => OK
Pronoun: 23.0 28.8173652695 80% => OK
Preposition: 53.0 55.5748502994 95% => OK
Nominalization: 14.0 16.3942115768 85% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1999.0 2260.96107784 88% => OK
No of words: 410.0 441.139720559 93% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.8756097561 5.12650576532 95% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.49982852243 4.56307096286 99% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.4745233709 2.78398813304 89% => OK
Unique words: 198.0 204.123752495 97% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.482926829268 0.468620217663 103% => OK
syllable_count: 612.0 705.55239521 87% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 4.96107784431 60% => OK
Article: 4.0 8.76447105788 46% => OK
Subordination: 8.0 2.70958083832 295% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 4.22255489022 118% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 17.0 19.7664670659 86% => OK
Sentence length: 24.0 22.8473053892 105% => OK
Sentence length SD: 102.387418128 57.8364921388 177% => OK
Chars per sentence: 117.588235294 119.503703932 98% => OK
Words per sentence: 24.1176470588 23.324526521 103% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.0 5.70786347227 123% => OK
Paragraphs: 6.0 5.15768463074 116% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 5.25449101796 57% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 6.0 8.20758483034 73% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 5.0 6.88822355289 73% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.67664670659 128% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.250403548528 0.218282227539 115% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0663619195309 0.0743258471296 89% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0718335789171 0.0701772020484 102% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.104339900025 0.128457276422 81% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0769764663973 0.0628817314937 122% => OK
automated_readability_index: 13.6 14.3799401198 95% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 55.58 48.3550499002 115% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 12.197005988 94% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.32 12.5979740519 90% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.18 8.32208582834 98% => OK
difficult_words: 87.0 98.500998004 88% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 12.3882235529 89% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.6 11.1389221557 104% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.9071856287 101% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 15 15
No. of Words: 411 350
No. of Characters: 1921 1500
No. of Different Words: 187 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.503 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.674 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.395 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 133 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 97 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 60 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 30 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 27.4 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 18.467 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.8 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.347 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.646 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.103 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 6 5