Soon there will be something new for the tourist who has been everywhere and seen everything on Earth. Spacecraft being developed by private commercial companies will soon enable private citizens to buy their own tickets to travel into space, thereby creating a space tourism industry. so far, space travel has been undertaken only by governments, but the new, privatized spaceflight industry will bring great benefits to both science and the public.
First, private space travel will benefit serious space exploration by making spaceflight cheaper. Privatization of space technology will bring technological costs down very fast because it will allow competition--and competition is one of the strongest motivators to cut costs. Thus, lowering the cost of space travel will benefit not only space tourists but also scientists, who will be able to use private space flights for research purposes.
Furthermore, privatization of space travel will accelerate the rate at which important scientific discoveries occur. the aerospace industry already sponsors a lot of groundbreaking scientific research, and adding private spaceflight companies to it will make the industry as a whole grow in size, thereby employing more scientists than it does now. that increased number of working scientists means not only that more discoveries are likely to be made but also that those discoveries are likely to be made more quickly than in the past.
Finally, when governments are the sole providers of space travel, the costs are paid for by the whole taxpaying public, but with privatization, the expenses of space travel will be borne by the customers of the industry. The fact that private spaceflight operators will be able to raise funds through ticket sales means that the financial burden on taxpayers will be eased significantly.
Following this Listen to the lecture below in essay topic. then
Question: Summarize the points made in the lecture and explain how they cast doubt on points made in the reading passage.
The article states that Spacecraft being developed by private commercial companies will soon enable private citizen to buy their own tickets to travel into space and this space tourism will bring benefits to both science and public and giving three reasons of support. However, the professor refutes all reasons explaining that it will harmful for citizens.
First, the article explain that privatization of space technology will bring technological costs down very fast because it will allow competition. However, the professor refutes this by saying that it will be expensive. And for traveling into space needs safety of space vehicle. So testing space vehicle is very expensive and it ultimately bring cost on public. So, cost of exploring space will never go down fast.
Secondly, the reading suggest that privatization of space travel will accelerate the rate at which important scientific discoveries occur. Author explaining that increased number of working scientists means discoveries are more likely to be made more quickly than in the past. However, the professor opposes this reason by saying that this will delay and prevent new discoveries as scientist working for a private company more working for their commercial stuff rather than doing important work. So, privatization makes less discoveries and more commercial work for private companies.
Finally, the author says that private space light operators will be able to raise funds through ticket sales means the financial burden on tax payers will be eased significantly. However, the professor refutes this by saying that it is impossible to explore space without using funds from government. As for making space vehicles to traveling into space required billions to billion dollars and private companies do not have that money so it will eventually increase tax money. Thus, instead of eased tax, it will increase tax money.
- When schools do not have enough funding or teachers, some people think physical education classes should be cut, while others believe that courses in art and music should be eliminated first. Which do you think is preferable, and why?60
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.60
- should college be free for everyone?70
- The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company."Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Easy Read Speed-Reading Course has greatly improved productivity. One50
- Some parents forbid young children from owning smart phones (cell phones with Internet access), while others disagree and believe that they are important tools for keeping in touch. Which point of view do you think is better, and why?66
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 2, column 341, Rule ID: IT_VBZ
Message: Did you mean 'brings'?
...cle is very expensive and it ultimately bring cost on public. So, cost of exploring s...
Line 3, column 521, Rule ID: FEWER_LESS
Message: Did you mean 'fewer'? The noun discoveries is countable.
...important work. So, privatization makes less discoveries and more commercial work fo...
Line 4, column 375, Rule ID: NODT_DOZEN
Message: Use simply: 'a billion'.
Suggestion: a billion
...aveling into space required billions to billion dollars and private companies do not ha...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
finally, first, however, if, second, secondly, so, thus, as for
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 8.0 10.4613686534 76% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 13.0 5.04856512141 257% => Less auxiliary verb wanted.
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 11.0 12.0772626932 91% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 22.412803532 107% => OK
Preposition: 32.0 30.3222958057 106% => OK
Nominalization: 6.0 5.01324503311 120% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1607.0 1373.03311258 117% => OK
No of words: 297.0 270.72406181 110% => OK
Chars per words: 5.41077441077 5.08290768461 106% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.15134772569 4.04702891845 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.65243370333 2.5805825403 103% => OK
Unique words: 158.0 145.348785872 109% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.531986531987 0.540411800872 98% => OK
syllable_count: 492.3 419.366225166 117% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.7 1.55342163355 109% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 1.0 3.25607064018 31% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 2.5761589404 39% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 15.0 13.0662251656 115% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 21.2450331126 89% => OK
Sentence length SD: 61.9381053059 49.2860985944 126% => OK
Chars per sentence: 107.133333333 110.228320801 97% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.8 21.698381199 91% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.2 7.06452816374 59% => More transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 7.0 4.33554083885 161% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 4.45695364238 45% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.27373068433 140% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.444456568696 0.272083759551 163% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.159313607236 0.0996497079465 160% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.118418796087 0.0662205650399 179% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.304695170452 0.162205337803 188% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.105451432538 0.0443174109184 238% => More connections among paragraphs wanted.
automated_readability_index: 14.0 13.3589403974 105% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 43.73 53.8541721854 81% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.9 11.0289183223 108% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 14.1 12.2367328918 115% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.14 8.42419426049 97% => OK
difficult_words: 67.0 63.6247240618 105% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 10.7273730684 103% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 10.498013245 91% => OK
text_standard: 14.0 11.2008830022 125% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.